History of Taj Mahal 2022

History of Taj Mahal: Taj Mahal also spelled Tadj Mahal, is a UNESCO World Heritage site in northern India. Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”),

the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612, died in childbirth in 1631, shortly after the Taj Mahal was built. The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–58). The tallest and most famous building in India is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in the eastern part of the city. About 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the Taj Mahal is the Agra Fort (Red Fort), also on the right bank of the Yamuna.

A fusion of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles, the Taj Mahal is distinguished by its harmonious proportions and the fluid integration of decorative elements. In addition to the mausoleum, the complex includes twin mosques (located symmetrically on either side of it), lovely gardens, and a museum. Millions of tourists each year visit the Taj Mahal, one of the most beautiful structural compositions in the world. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

History of Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal’s origins and development

Construction history

The complex’s principal architect is most likely A*mad Lahawr*, an Indian of Persian ancestry. A gate, a garden, a mosque, a mirror image of the mosque, and a mausoleum comprised this complex’s five principal components (with its four minarets). Mughal architectural norms dictated that they be constructed as a single unit, preventing any later expansions or modifications. The building was completed in 1632. At some point between 1638 and 1639, construction on the mausoleum itself was completed, but not the surrounding structures. From India, Iran, the Ottoman Empire, as well as Europe, a total of 20,000 workers were recruited. The 42-acre (17-hectare) facility was built over a period of 22 years.

The Taj Mahal Project

As a result of his sadness and anger, Shah Jahan created a mausoleum that would outshine anything that had come before. For the first time, a big tomb was devoted to a female occupant.

When it comes to the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan was a huge admirer of architecture, and he is widely believed to have collaborated with some of the most talented architects in his time to design it. When it was first built, the Taj Mahal was meant to depict Jannah, or Heaven on Earth, as “the crown of the region”. To accomplish this, the Taj Mahal was erected entirely out of public funds.

The Taj Mahal’s construction

One of the wealthiest empires in history, Shah Jahan was able to erect an incredible monument. A stunning structure was important to him, but so was the fact that he had to get it erected swiftly. 20,000 workers were housed in a town called Mumtazabad that was developed just for them. Workers of all skill levels were employed.

Builders first laid the foundation for the 624-foot-long plinth or base. Red sandstone would be used to build the Taj Mahal, a mosque, and a guesthouse that would stand on either side of it. The Taj Mahal’s second plinth would be occupied by a marble-covered brick octagonal edifice. As is the case with most huge projects, the builders created scaffolding in order to raise the height of the structure. It’s still a mystery to historians why they chose to build their scaffolding out of bricks.

Design and construction of a building

The mausoleum is composed of white marble and stands on a 23-foot (7-meter) high plinth, which serves as a resting place for the deceased. Depending on whether it’s day or night, this stone takes on a variety of hues. At the peak of each of the four similar facades, there is an arch that rises to 108 feet (33 meters) in height, as well as lesser arches on each of the corners. Each of the four smaller domed structures surrounds the magnificent central dome, which rises to an impressive 240 feet (73 meters). There are five times as many reverberations in the main dome for each individual flute sound. The interior of the tomb is decorated with low-relief carvings and semiprecious stones (pietra dura). Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are entombed in this cemetery. These fake tombs are surrounded by a delicate marble filigree screen. At the garden level, the actual sarcophagi can be found. On the corners of the square plinth, a pair of beautiful minarets stand out from the main edifice.

It was the death of Shah Jahan

Shah Jahan was never the same when his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal died, and his grief lasted for two years. Because of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s fourth son, Aurangzeb was able to slaughter his three elder brothers and jail his father.. The emperor Shah Jahan was usurped in 1658 and transferred to the opulent Red Fort in Agra, where he remained for the next 30 years. A window at the Taj Mahal served as Shah Jahan’s final resting place, as he was banned from leaving yet still enjoyed most of his customary privileges.

Aurangzeb buried Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal’s vault on January 22, 1666, following the death of Shah Jahan. Two cenotaphs (public tombs that are currently empty) may be found above the Taj Mahal’s crypt. The room’s centerpiece is a portrait of Mumtaz Mahal, with a portrait of Shah Jahan to the west. The cenotaphs are encircled by delicate marble panels. The original gold screen had been changed by Shah Jahan so that robbers would not be tempted to take it.

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