The Fascinating History of Peshawar

History of Peshawar: Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s social and political center, is known for its crowded back entrances, clamoring food routes, and frantic marketplaces.

The basis of the city has undergone a dramatic shift in recent years. Ring Road Peshawar’s construction and the recent unveiling of the ultra-modern Bus Rapid Transit System are noteworthy events in this regard. Despite its rapid urbanization, the city’s extraordinarily long history nevertheless stands as a known milestone in the history of humanity. What is it about Peshawar’s past that intrigues us so much? To get a sense of the answer to this question, we’ll take a look at some of Peshawar’s most fascinating historical sites in this blog.

Peshawar’s inhabitants. Peshawar, Pakistan, is on my list of places to visit. 2500 years of history may be found in the city of Peshawar. In terms of history, it is one of the world’s oldest cities. Located within 30 miles (50 kilometers) from the Afghan border, Peshawar is situated in a valley. In fact, the Pashtun ethnic group is the dominant ethnic group in the Peshawar region of Pakistan. This line was agreed upon by Mortimer Durand, a British diplomat, and Emir Khan, Afghanistan’s ruler, which intentionally divided the Pashtun people. The Durand Line was the boundary between Afghanistan as an independent state and the British colonial empire.


Before discussing any of Peshawar’s well-documented concerns, we should first examine the city’s history. The city of Peshawar, which was founded in the fifteenth century, has long served as a hub for trade between East, Central, and South Asia. Buddhist exercises that date back as far as the fifth century has been unearthed in the city, a clear sign that the practice has been around for a long time.

Peshawar has witnessed the rise and fall of a variety of empires, including Roman, Hindu, Sikh, and Muslim realms, during the course of its history. Attractions in Peshawar that have been well-documented are intriguing relics of the city’s glorious past.

The Sites in Peshawar That Have Been Documented

Peshawar’s most well-known authentic attractions are coming up next:

In the Mahabat Khan Mosque
Cunningham Clock Tower, designed by Sir John Soane
This is the Qissa Shahi Bagh. Khwani Bazaar Bala Hisar Fort Bab-e-Khyber Jamrud Fort



The Mahabat Khan Masjid, also known as the Mohabbat Khan Masjid, is a stunning example of Mughal architecture in Peshawar, perfectly reflecting the rich cultural heritage of the city. Mahabat Khan, Governor of Peshawar during Shah Jahan’s reign, erected it in the year 1670 AD. This mosque’s exterior features three arches with 107-foot-tall minarets rising on either side. The mosque’s asking office is adorned with botanical artwork. This iconic design is still intact in Andar Shehr, a historic district of Peshawar.


One hundred years ago, Sir George Cunningham built a clock tower in Peshawar to mark the Diamond Jubilee celebration of Victoria, the Queen Empress of the British Colonial Empire, who had just celebrated her 90th birthday. The Cunningham Clock Tower in Peshawar, Pakistan, is often referred to as “Ghanta Ghar” by locals due to its proximity to the city’s busiest and most historic neighborhood, Chowk Yadgar. Faisalabad and Sukkur’s clock towers bear a striking resemblance to this structure. In spite of the fact that the Sir Cunningham Clock Tower’s overall construction has been badly affected by time, this old site in Peshawar has not lost its attraction and continues to attract students of history.


Shahi Bagh, one of the city’s oldest gardens, was created during the reign of the Mughal emperors. The location serves as a meeting point for academics, politicians, and a wide range of other city residents. The total area of the recreation area is around 100 acres, including a wide variety of trees. Shahi Bagh, which is open all year round, is one of Peshawar’s most well-known historical sites, with visitors coming from all over the city to participate in a variety of sporting activities with their loved ones.


Peshawar’s Qissa Khwani Bazaar, also known as the Street of Storytellers, is one of the city’s most economically active neighborhoods. Refueling breaks for brokers and explorers were common at this location, where they could gather and share stories about the region they were visiting. In ancient times, the market served as a business hub for ships from all across Asia, supplying anything from spices and dark tea to silver and gold.

The area that was once a hub of dark and green tea bistros has been transformed into a market filled with hardware and clothing retailers. With its narrow back streets and age-old structures serving as a constant reminder of its great verifiable value, the Qissa Khawani marketplace retains a nostalgic feel despite the many changes that have occurred over the years.

This is the fort of BALA HISSAR

Bala Hisar Fort, located in Peshawar’s northwest corner, is one of the city’s most intriguing authentic obstacles. In the Persian language, “Bala Hissar” means “raised or elevated fortress” in the Afghan dialect. Before it was destroyed and rebuilt by the Sikh Empire of Punjab in 1834, it served as an imperial palace for the Durrani dynasty. The remaining parts of this fortress are well-guarded. You’ll be able to see the valley in all its glory from this location. The Pakistan Army maintains Bala Hissar Fort, so visitors are not allowed inside. However, you may still climb the raised area around the fortification to have a closer look at its external walls and visit a small gallery in its region to learn more about the history of Peshawar and its legacy site from the perspective of its past inhabitants.

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